RSS

Grass Scientific Names

Grass icon Scientific Names of Grasses in South Australia

Scientific name in green indicates that the grass is native to Australia.

Scientific name in red indicates that the grass is introduced.

Scientific name in black italics indicates that the name has changed since the publication of Grasses of South Australia in 2006.

Cursor-activated underlined scientific names indicate a link to Google advanced image search.

See also, What’s in a Name?

NB. This page is a work in progress and we’d appreciate any comment you may like to make.

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Agropogon littoralis

Agrostis capillaris

Agrostis gigantea

Agrostis stolonifera

Agrostis venusta 

Aira caryophyllea

Aira cupaniana

Aira elegantissima

Aira praecox

Alopecurus aequalis

Alopecurus geniculatus

Alopecurus myosuroides

Alopecurus pratensis

Ammophila arenaria

Amphibromus archeri

Amphibromus macrorhinus

Amphibromus neesii

Amphibromus nervosus

Amphibromus pithogastrus

Amphibromus recurvatus

Amphibromus sinuatus

Amphipogon caricinus var. caricinus

Amhipogon strictus var. setifer

Anthosachne multiflora ssp. multiflora

Anthosachne rectiseta

Anthosachne scabra

Anthoxanthum aristatum

Anthoxanthum odoratum

Aristida anthoxanthoides

Aristida arida

Aristida australis

Aristida behriana

Aristida biglandulosa var. biglandulosa

Aristida capillifolia

Aristida contorta

Aristida holathera var. holathera

Aristida inaequiglumis

Aristida jerichoensis var. subspinulifera

Aristida latifolia

Aristida nitidula

Aristida obscura

Aristida personata

Aristida ramosa, now Aristida personata

Aristida strigosa

Aristida vagans

Arrhenatherum elatius var. bulbosum

Arundo donax

Astrebla lappacea

Astrebla pectinata

Astrebla squarrosa

Austrodanthonia auriculata, now Rytidosperma auriculatum

Austrodanthonia bipartita, now Rytidosperma bipartitum

Austrodanthonia caespitosa, now Rytidosperma caespitosum

Austrodanthonia carphoides, now Rytidosperma carphoides

Austrodanthonia duttoniana, now Rytidosperma duttonianum

Austrodanthonia eriantha, now Rytidosperma erianthum

Austrodanthonia fulva, now Rytidosperma fulvum

Austrodanthonia geniculata, now Rytidosperma geniculatum

Austrodanthonia induta, now Rytidosperma indutum

Austrodanthonia laevis, now Rytidosperma laeve

Austrodanthonia pilosa, now Rytidosperma pilosum

Austrodanthonia racemosa var. racemosa, now Rytidosperma racemosum var. racemosum

Austrodanthonia richardsonii, no longer listed for S.A.

Austrodanthonia setacea, now Rytidosperma setaceum

Austrodanthonia tenuior, now Rytidosperma tenuius

Austrofestuca littoralis

Austrostipa acrociliata

Austrostipa blackii

Austrostipa breviglumis

Austrostipa curticoma

Austrostipa densiflora

Austrostipa drummondii

Austrostipa echinata

Austrostipa elegantissima

Austrostipa eremophila

Austrostipa exilis

Austrostipa flavescens

Austrostipa gibbosa

Austrostipa hemipogon

Austrostipa lanata

Austrostipa macalpinei

Austrostipa mollis

Austrostipa muelleri

Austrostipa multispiculis

Austrostipa mundula

Austrostipa nitida

Austrostipa nodosa

Austrostipa nullanulla

Austrostipa oligostachya

Austrostipa petraea

Austrostipa pilata

Austrostipa platychaeta

Austrostipa plumigera

Austrostipa puberula

Austrostipa pubinodis

Austrostipa scabra subsp. falcata

Austrostipa scabra subsp. scabra

Austrostipa semibarbata

Austrostipa setacea

Austrostipa stipoides

Austrostipa stuposa

Austrostipa tenuifolia

Austrostipa trichophylla

Austrostipa tuckeri

Austrostipa velutina

Austrostipa vickeryana

Avellinia michelii

Avena barbata

Avena fatua

Avena sativa

Avena sterilis

Axonopus fissifolius

Bothriochloa bladhii

Bothriochloa ewartiana

Bothriochloa macra

Brachiaria gilesii

Brachiaria notochthona

Brachiaria piligera

Brachiaria praetervisa

Brachiaria subquadripara now Brachiaria praetervisa

Brachyachne ciliaris

Brachypodium distachyon

Briza maxima

Briza minor

Bromus alopecuros

Bromus arenarius

Bromus catharticus

Bromus diandrus

Bromus hordeaceus subsp. hordeaceus.

Bromus lithobius

Bromus madritensis

Bromus rigidus

Bromus rubens

Catapodium rigidum                        

Cenchrus ciliaris

Cenchrus clandestinus

Cenchrus echinatus                                

Cenchrus incertus now Cenchrus spinifex

Cenchrus longisetus

Cenchrus longispinus

Cenchrus macrourus

Cenchrus pennisetiformis

Cenchrus setaceus

Cenchrus setiger

Cenchrus spinifex

Chloris barbata

Chloris gayana

Chloris inflata

Chloris pectinata

Chloris truncata

Chloris virgata

Chrysopogon fallax

Cortaderia selloana

Cymbopogon ambiguus

Cymbopogon obtectus

Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon

Cynodon dactylon var. pulchellus

Cynodon nlemfuensis var. nlemfuensis.

Cynosurus cristatus

Cynosurus echinatus

Dactylis glomerata

Dactyloctenium australe

Dactyloctenium radulans

Deschampsia cespitosa

Deyeuxia densa

Deyeuxia minor

Deyeuxia quadriseta

Dichanthium sericeum

Dichanthium sericeum subsp. humilius

Dichanthium sericeum subsp. sericeum

Dichelachne crinita

Dichelachne inaequiglumis

Dichelachne micrantha

Dichelachne rara

Digitaria aequiglumis

Digitaria ammophila

Digitaria brownii

Digitaria ciliaris

Digitaria coenicola now Digitaria divericatissima var. divericatissima

Digitaria ctenantha

Digitaria divericatissima var. divericatissima

Digitaria ischaemum

Digitaria sanguinalis

Digitaria violascens

Distichlis distichophylla

Echinochloa colona

Echinochloa crus-galli

Echinochloa crus-pavonis

Echinochloa esculenta

Echinochloa inundata

Echinochloa lacunaria

Echinochloa pyramidalis

Echinochloa turneriana

Echinopogon caespitosus var. caespitosus

Echinopogon ovatus

Ehrharta calycina

Ehrharta erecta

Ehrharta longiflora

Ehrharta villosa var. maxima

Eleusine indica

Eleusine tristachya

Elymus multiflorus, now Anthosachne multiflora ssp. multiflora

Elymus rectisetus, now Anthosachne rectiseta

Elymus repens, now Elytrigia repens

Elymus scaber var. scaber, now Anthosachne scabra

Elymus scabra, now Anthosachne scabra

Elymus scabrus, now Anthosachne scabra

Elytrigia repens

Elytrophorus spicatus

Enneapogon avenaceus

Enneapogon caerulescens

Enneapogon cylindricus

Enneapogon eremophilus

Enneapogon intermedius

Enneapogon lindleyanus

Enneapogon nigricans

Enneapogon polyphyllus

Enneapogon robustissimus

Enteropogon acicularis (part to Enteropogon ramosus)

Enteropogon ramosus

Eragrostis australasica

Eragrostis barrelieri

Eragrostis basedowii

Eragrostis brownii

Eragrostis cilianensis

Eragrostis confertiflora

Eragrostis cumingii

Eragrostis curvula

Eragrostis dielsii var. dielsii

Eragrostis elongata

Eragrostis eriopoda

Eragrostis exigua

Eragrostis falcata

Eragrostis infecunda

Eragrostis kennedyae

Eragrostis lacunaria

Eragrostis laniflora

Eragrostis lanipes

Eragrostis leptocarpa

Eragrostis mexicana

Eragrostis minor

Eragrostis parviflora

Eragrostis pergracilis

Eragrostis pilosa

Eragrostis setifolia

Eragrostis speciosa

Eragrostis superba

Eragrostis tef

Eragrostis tenellula

Eragrostis trichophora

Eragrostis xerophila

Eriachne aristidea

Eriachne helmsii

Eriachne mucronata

Eriachne ovata

Eriachne pulchella subsp. pulchella

Eriochloa australiensis

Eriochloa crebra

Eriochloa procera

Eriochloa pseudoacrotricha

Eriochloa punctata var. pseudoacrotricha now Eriochloa pseudoacrotricha

Eriochloa ramosa var. pseudoacrotricha  now Eriochloa pseudoacrotricha

Eulalia aurea

Eustachys distichophylla

Festuca arundinacea

Festuca benthamiana

Festuca pratensis

Festuca rubra subsp. rubra

Gastridium phleoides

Gaudinia fragilis

Glyceria australis

Glyceria declinata

Glyceria maxima

Hainardia cylindrica

Hemarthria uncinata var. uncinata

Heteropogon contortus

Holcus lanatus

Holcus setosus

Hordeum distichon

Hordeum glaucum

Hordeum hystrix

Hordeum leporinum

Hordeum marinum

Hordeum vulgare

Hyparrhenia hirta

Imperata cylindrica

Imperata  koenigii var. major now Imperata cylindrica

Isachne globosa

Iseilema eremaeum

Iseilema membranaceum

Iseilema vaginiflorum

Jarava plumosa

Joycea clelandii now Rytidosperma clelandii or Rytidosperma fulvum

Lachnagrostis aemula

Lachnagrostis batesii

Lachnagrostis billardieri subsp. billardieri

Lachnagrostis filiformis

Lachnagrostis limitanea

Lachnagrostis palustris

Lachnagrostis perennis

Lachnagrostis punicea var. filifolia

Lachnagrostis punicea var. punicea

Lachnagrostis robusta now Agrostis billardieri var. robusta

Lachnagrostis rudis

Lachnagrostis scabra now Lachnagrostis rudis

Lagurus ovatus

Lamarckia aurea

Leptochloa digitata

Leptochloa fusca

Leptochloa fusca subsp. fusca

Leptochloa fusca subsp. muelleri

Leptochloa fusca subsp. uninervia

Lolium ×hubbardii

Lolium ×hybridum

Lolium loliaceum

Lolium multiflorum

Lolium perenne

Lolium rigidum

Lolium temulentum var. arvense

Lolium temulentum var. temulentum

Melica ciliata

Melinis repens

Microlaena stipoides var. stipoides

Miscanthus sinensis var. zebrinus

Monachather paradoxus

Nassella leucotricha

Nassella neesiana subsp. neesiana

Nassella trichotoma

Neurachne alopecuroidea

Neurachne lanigera

Neurachne munroi

Notodanthonia semiannularis now Rytidosperma semiannulare

Oxychloris scariosa

Panicum antidotale

Panicum buncei

Panicum capillare var. brevifolium

Panicum coloratum

Panicum decompositum var. decompositum

Panicum effusum var. effusum

Panicum hillmanii

Panicum laevinode

Panicum maximum var. trichoglume

Panicum pauciflorum now Yakirra australiensis var australiensis

Panicum miliaceum

Panicum schinzii

Paractaenum novae-hollandiae subsp. reversum

Paractaenum refractum

Paraneurachne muelleri

Parapholis incurva

Paspalum dilatatum

Paspalum distichum

Paspalum vaginatum

Pennisetum clandestinum now Cenchrus clandestina

Pennisetum macrourum now Cenchrus macrourus

Pennisetum setaceum now Cenchrus setaceus

Pennisetum villosum now Cenchrus longisetus

Pentameris airoides ssp. airoides

Pentameris pallida

Pentapogon quadrifidus var. quadrifidus

Pentaschistis airoides subsp. airoides now Pentameris airoides ssp. airoides

Pentaschistis pallida now Pentameris pallida

Pentaschistis thunbergii, now Pentaschistis pallida

Periballia minuta

Perotis rara

Phalaris aquatica

Phalaris arundinacea var. arundinacea

Phalaris canariensis

Phalaris minor

Phalaris paradoxa

Phleum pratense

Pholiurus pannonicus

Phragmites australis

Phragmites karka now Phragmites vallatoria

Phragmites vallatoria

Phyllostachys aurea

Piptatherum miliaceum

Plectranche helmsii, now Triodia helmsii

Poa annua

Poa australis now Poa poiformis var. poiformis

Poa bulbosa var. bulbosa

Poa caepitosa now Poa labillardieri var. labillardieri, Poa poiformis var. poiformis or Poa tenera

Poa clelandii

Poa crassicaudex

Poa drummondiana

Poa fax

Poa fordeana

Poa halmaturina

Poa infirma

Poa labillardieri var. labillardieri

Poa meionectes

Poa morrisii

Poa poiformis var. poiformis

Poa pratensis

Poa rodwayi

Poa sieberiana var. sieberiana

Poa tenera

Poa umbricola

Polypogon maritimus

Polypogon monspeliensis

Polypogon tenellus

Polypogon viridis

Pseudoraphis spinescens

Psilurus incurvus

Puccinellia ciliata

Puccinellia distans

Puccinellia fasciculata

Puccinellia longior

Puccinellia perlaxa

Puccinellia stricta

Rostraria cristata

Rostraria pumila

Rytidosperma auriculatum

Rytidosperma bipartitum

Rytidosperma caespitosum

Rytidosperma carphoides

Rytidosperma clelandii

Rytidosperma duttonianum

Rytidosperma erianthum

Rytidosperma fulvum

Rytidosperma geniculatum

Rytidosperma indutum

Rytidosperma laeve

Rytidosperma pilosum

Rytidosperma racemosum var. racemosum

Rytidosperma richardsonii no longer listed for SA.

Rytidosperma semiannulare

Rytidosperma setaceum

Rytidosperma tenuius

Schismus arabicus

Schismus barbatus

Sclerochloa dura

Secale cereale

Setaria basiclada

Setaria clementii

Setaria constricta

Setaria dielsii

Setaria italica

Setaria jubiflora

Setaria palmifolia

Setaria parviflora

Setaria pumila subsp. pumila

Setaria reflexa

Setaria verticillata

Setaria viridis

Sorghum ×almum

Sorghum bicolor

Sorghum halepense

Spartina ×townsendii

Sphenopus divaricatus

Spinifex hirsutus

Spinifex longifolius

Sporobolus actinocladus

Sporobolus africanus

Sporobolus australasicus

Sporobolus blakei

Sporobolus caroli

Sporobolus creber

Sporobolus elongatus

Sporobolus indicus now Sporobolus africanus

Sporobolus mitchellii

Sporobolus virginicus

Stenotaphrum secundatum

Taeniatherum caput-medusae

Tetrarrhena acuminata

Tetrarrhena distichophylla

Tetrarrhena juncea

Tetrarrhena turfosa

Themeda avenacea

Themeda triandra

Thinopyrum elongatum

Thinopyrum junceiforme

Thyridolepis mitchelliana

Thyridolepis multiculmis

Thyridolepis xerophila

Tragus australianus

Tribolium acutiflorum

Tribolium obliterum

Triodia basedowii

Triodia bunicola

Triodia compacta

Triodia helmsii

Triodia irritans

Triodia lanata

Triodia lanigera

Triodia longiceps

Triodia melvillei

Triodia pungens

Triodia scariosa

Triodia scariosa subsp. bunicola, now Triodia bunicola

Triodia schinzii

Tripogon loliiformis

Triraphis mollis

Triticum aestivum

Uranthoecium truncatum

Urochloa panicoides var. panicoides

Vulpia bromoides

Vulpia ciliata

Vulpia fasciculata

Vulpia muralis

Vulpia myuros forma megalura

Vulpia myuros forma myuros

Walwhalleya jacobsiana

Walwhalleya proluta

Whalleya proluta now Walwhalleya jacobsiana or Walwhalleya proluta

Yakirra australiensis var. australiensis

Zoysia macrantha subsp. walshii

Zygochloa paradoxa

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2 responses to “Grass Scientific Names

  1. AB, Tasmania

    September 1, 2017 at 3:56 pm

    while the concept of colour differentiation is good, can you spare a thought to those that are colour-challenged. Red-green(and blue-yellow) is an awful combination to use for at least 5-10% of males for “colour blindness”, goodness knows how many more men and women for other reasons

     
    • ngrg2013

      September 2, 2017 at 1:10 pm

      Thank you for raising this issue Andrew. Can you suggest some contrasting colours or styles that may suit our format?

       

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